Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and recanalization rates of a newly designed vascular occlusion device.
Materials and methods: The self-expanding vascular occluder was braided from fine nitinol wires and filled with polyester fibers. The device was delivered through a 6-F polyethylene introducing sheath with use of a delivery cable with a microscrew adaptor. Comparison was made between one occlusion plug and two Gianturco coils placed in the corresponding contralateral arterial segment in nine dogs and six pigs. The mean diameter of the targeted vessels was 4.8 mm +/- 0.8. Two animals were killed immediately after occlusion, and the remaining 13 animals underwent follow-up angiography at 1 week and/or 1 month, after which the animals were killed and the vessels were explanted for gross and histopathologic examination.
Results: Significantly shorter time-to-occlusion was achieved with the nitinol plug compared with two Gianturco coils (1.73 minutes +/- 1.28 vs 5.73 minutes +/- 6.18; P = .021). The recanalization rate at 1 month was also significantly lower (36.4% vs 81.8%, P = .027). The occlusion time was strongly dependent on the target artery diameter with Gianturco coils (R = .79, P = .0007), and not with the nitinol plug.
Conclusion: The nitinol vascular occluder appears highly effective and reliable, with one plug resulting in significantly faster and longer lasting occlusions compared with two Gianturco coils. The new device can be repositioned prior to release, therefore allowing optimal positioning.