pp125FAK, a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) co-localized with integrins in focal adhesion plaques, is known to transduce signals involved in the regulation of cell adhesion and motility as well as the anchorage-independent growth of transformed cells. We investigated whether pp125FAK could be part of a signalling pathway that contributes to the progression of human prostate carcinoma (PCa). Up-regulation of pp125FAK expression, its activation by phosphorylation on tyrosine and its association with paxillin and p50csk were preferentially observed in PCa tissues from patients with metastases, whereas normal and hyperplastic prostates and localized PCa tissues showed undetectable or low levels of both FAK mRNA and protein and an absence of pp125FAK signalling complexes. The increase in expression and activation of pp125FAK in metastatic PCa tissues was also corroborated by our findings in human PCa cell lines. Indeed, higher levels of pp125FAK and FAK mRNA were observed in highly tumorigenic PC-3 cells as was the presence of activated pp125FAK, as opposed to an inactive form in LNCaP cells, which have a lower tumorigenic ability. In addition, pp125FAK formed signalling complexes with both paxillin and p50csk in PC-3 cells as in metastatic PCa tissues. Together, our results show that an increase in FAK mRNA and protein, as well as pp125FAK activation and association with signalling proteins, correlates with progression and invasion in human PCa tissues and cells.