Superoxide dismutase activity was measured in liver and lung from 3 and 24 month-old rats. Both total SOD and Mn-SOD activity decreased significantly in the liver of old rats. Recent results from our laboratory have indicated that during aging, the activity of Cu/Zn-SOD decreases in rat liver and that there is an accumulation of altered protein. It was also shown that the old Cu/Zn-SOD had one histidine fewer than the young one. In the present study, the immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the amount of immunoprecipitable Mn-SOD from liver of old rats was greater than from young ones, but when amino acid residues were measured in purified young and old Mn-SOD from liver, no change was observed. In lung, no significant age-related differences in total SOD, Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD activity were found, nor was there accumulation of altered protein during aging.