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, 12 (12), 1263-72

Reconstitution of Lactate Proton Symport Activity in Plasma Membrane Vesicles From the Yeast Candida Utilis


Reconstitution of Lactate Proton Symport Activity in Plasma Membrane Vesicles From the Yeast Candida Utilis

H Gerós et al. Yeast.


Lactic acid transport was studied in plasma membrane vesicles from the yeast Candida utilis IGC 3092 which were fused with liposomes containing cytochrome c oxidase. After the addition of an electron donor system, these hybrid membrane vesicles were able to generate a proton-motive force of about--150 mV, inside alkaline and negative. In vesicles prepared from lactic acid-grown cells, the uptake of labelled lactic acid, at pH 6.2, under energized conditions, was expressed by a kinetics consistent with the involvement of a mediated transport system. This carrier exhibited a substrate specificity pattern identical to the one found for the lactate-proton symport in intact cells. The transport of labelled lactic acid was accumulative and strongly sensitive to the effects of the protonophore carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone, consistent with the involvement of the proton-motive force in acid uptake, hence with the presence of a proton symport for lactate. Dissipation of the transmembrane electric potential by valinomycin did not have a significant effect on lactate accumulation, whereas abolishing the transmembrane pH gradient (delta pH) by nigericin prevented the accumulation and led to a rapid efflux of the accumulated acid. The data support that the delta pH is the main component of the proton-motive force involved in the transport of the acid and its accumulation. The lactate-proton symport stoichiometry was 1:1, being independent of the pH. Vesicles prepared from glucose-grown cells did not display the capacity to transport and accumulate lactate. However, activity for the carrier was also reconstituted in vesicles obtained from glucose-grown cells after incubation in buffer containing lactic acid. These results were consistent with those obtained in intact cells, which demonstrated that the lactate-proton symport of the yeast C. utilis is inducible.

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