Differential activation of STATs 3 and 5 during mammary gland development

FEBS Lett. 1996 Oct 28;396(1):77-80. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(96)01069-1.

Abstract

We have investigated the activity of STAT family members throughout a mammary developmental cycle. Transcripts for Stat 5 were upregulated during pregnancy whilst STAT1 and STAT3 mRNAs were expressed at constant levels. DNA binding complexes containing both STAT5a and 5b showed differing affinities for two naturally occurring STAT5 binding sites. In the involuting mammary gland STAT5 activity decreased whereas STAT3 was specifically activated. These observations reveal a complex pattern of activation of STAT factors during mammary growth, differentiation and remodelling and provide the first evidence for the involvement of STAT3 in development of the mammary gland.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Lactation
  • Lactoglobulins / genetics
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / growth & development*
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Milk Proteins*
  • Pregnancy
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Conformation
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators / chemistry
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Lactoglobulins
  • Milk Proteins
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Stat1 protein, mouse
  • Stat3 protein, mouse
  • Stat5a protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators