Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
, 81 (4), 485-90

Elevated Fibrinogen and the Relation to Acute Phase Response in Diabetic Nephropathy

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

Elevated Fibrinogen and the Relation to Acute Phase Response in Diabetic Nephropathy

B Myrup et al. Thromb Res.

Abstract

Insulin-dependent diabetic patients with nephropathy have a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Chronic inflammation is a part of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, and presently we have studied the relation between the inflammatory state, measured as levels of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein and fibrinogen in diabetic nephropathy. Thirty-three insulin-dependent diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy (urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) > 300 mg/24-h) and 22 patients with incipient diabetic nephropathy (AER 30-300 mg/24-h) were compared with 14 non-diabetic controls and 17 diabetic patients with normal AER (<30 mg/24-h). Fibrinogen was significantly higher in diabetic nephropathy than in non-diabetic controls and diabetic patients with normal AER (median 8.1, range (5.4-15.6) mu mol/l vs. 6.6 (5.0-12.1) mu mol/l, p < 0.05, and 6.2 (5.0-9.0) mu mol/l, p < 0.005, respectively), while C-reactive protein did not deviate between groups. Interleukin-6 was significantly elevated in all insulin-dependent diabetic patients (diabetic nephropathy (3.2 (1.0-14.5) pg/ml, p < 0.005), incipient nephropathy (3.7 (1.0-22.9) pg/ml, p < 0.005) and diabetic patients with normal AER (2.7 (1.0-9.0) pg/ml, p < 0.05) compared with nondiabetic controls (1.2 (1.0-6.2) pg/ml)). When fibrinogen was adjusted for interleukin-6, C-reactive protein or both, the level of fibrinogen was still higher in patients with diabetic nephropathy than in patients without nephropathy (p < 0.05), which suggests that inflammation is not the only mechanism that increases fibrinogen levels in patients with diabetic nephropathy.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 11 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback