Changed serum trace element profile in Down's syndrome

Biol Trace Elem Res. 1996 Sep;54(3):201-6. doi: 10.1007/BF02784431.


Being cofactors of important antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), which are significantly modified in Down's syndrome (trisomy 21), serum levels of microtrace elements zinc, copper, and selenium and of macroelement magnesium are reported in 16 subjects with Down's syndrome (DS) and their respective well age- and sex-matched controls. Serum zinc and selenium levels were significantly lowered in DS subjects, whereas copper levels were elevated. Consequently, a marked increase (40%) of the copper/zinc ratio in DS persons was observed. There were no differences in serum levels of magnesium between DS and control subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Copper / blood
  • Down Syndrome / blood*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnesium / blood
  • Male
  • Metals / blood*
  • Reference Values
  • Selenium / blood*
  • Zinc / blood


  • Metals
  • Copper
  • Selenium
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc