A sensitive enzymatic method for determination of free and esterified tissue cholesterol

Clin Chim Acta. 1977 Sep 15;79(3):575-82. doi: 10.1016/0009-8981(77)90178-4.


An enzymatic assay currently in use in clinical laboratories for quantitating total serum cholesterol has been modified for the determination of microgram quantities of tissue cholesterol. Two types of assays were developed. In the first, more generally useful method, lipids extracted with chloroform/methanol were solubilized by the addition of detergent and assayed for free and total cholesterol using laboratory prepared mixtures of reagents. Although different detergents were effective, it appears that Triton X-100 may be most universally applicable. In the second type of assay, commercially available reagent mixtures were employed for the determination of total cholesterol only. Results of both types of assays compare favorably with determination using the colorimetric assay on 3beta-hydroxysterols recovered from digitonides.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Cholesterol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cholesterol / analysis*
  • Cholesterol Esters / analysis*
  • Colorimetry
  • Digitonin
  • Female
  • Horseradish Peroxidase
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
  • Kinetics
  • Lipids / analysis
  • Liver / analysis
  • Male
  • Methods
  • Rats
  • Sterol Esterase
  • Sterols / analysis
  • Time Factors


  • Cholesterol Esters
  • Lipids
  • Sterols
  • Cholesterol
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
  • Horseradish Peroxidase
  • Sterol Esterase
  • Digitonin