Purpose: The authors discuss a possible relationship between systematic corticosteroid use and reactivation of ocular toxoplasmosis.
Methods: Patients were identified who developed foci of recurrent toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis while being treated with systemic corticosteroids. Case histories were reviewed retrospectively.
Results: During a 10-year interval, three patients were identified at the University of California, Los Angeles, who had been receiving systemic corticosteroid therapy (dose range, 0.27-1.23 mg/kg/day) when they developed recurrent toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. Disease occurred at intervals of 20 days to approximately 1 year after start of corticosteroid therapy. Lesions were typical in appearance, course, and manner in which they responded to antimicrobial therapy.
Conclusion: Recurrent toxoplasmosis in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy probably is uncommon. These cases do not confirm a causal relationship between corticosteroid use and initiation of disease recurrence.