Mutations in new cell cycle genes that fail to complement a multiply mutant third chromosome of Drosophila

Genetics. 1996 Nov;144(3):1097-111. doi: 10.1534/genetics.112.1097.test.

Abstract

We have simultaneously screened for new alleles and second site mutations that fail to complement five cell cycle mutations of Drosphila carried on a single third chromosome (gnu, polo, mgr, asp, stg). Females that are either transheterozygous for scott of the antartic (scant) and polo, or homozygous for scant produce embryos that show mitotic defects. A maternal effect upon embryonic mitoses is also seen in embryos derived from females transheterozygous with helter skelter (hsk) and either mgr or asp. cleopatra (cleo), fails to complement asp but is not uncovered by a deficiency for asp. The mitotic phenotype of larvae heterozygous for cleo and the multiple mutant chromosome is similar to weak alleles of asp, but there are no defects in male meiosis. Mutations that failed to complement stg fell into two complementation groups corresponding to stg and a new gene noose. Three of the new stg alleles are early zygotic lethals, whereas the fourth is a pharate adult lethal allele that affects both mitosis and meiosis. Mutations in noose fully complement a small deficiency that removes stg, but when placed in trans to certain stg alleles, result in late lethality and mitotic abnormalities in larval brains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Chromosomes
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Female
  • Genes, Insect*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Heterozygote
  • Male
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • polo protein, Drosophila
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • stg protein, Drosophila