A survey of mortality at two automotive engine manufacturing plants

Am J Ind Med. 1996 Dec;30(6):664-73. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199612)30:6<664::AID-AJIM3>3.0.CO;2-R.

Abstract

Mortality at two engine plants was analyzed using proportional mortality and logistic regression models of mortality odds ratios to expand previous observations of increased cancers of the stomach, pancreas, and bladder, and cirrhosis of the liver among workers exposed to machining fluids. Causes of death and work histories were available for 1,870 decendents. There was a significant excess of deaths coded as diabetes for white men in both plants (PMR = 25/16.7 = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.02, 2.20), and a deficit of respiratory diseases. Black men had fewer than expected diabetes deaths and more emphysema deaths. Elevated PMRs for cancers of the stomach, pancreas, prostate, bladder, and kidney were not statistically significant in plantwide populations. However, stomach cancer mortality increased with duration in camshaft and crankshaft production at Plant 1 (OR = 5.1, 95% CI = 1.6, 17; at mean duration of exposed cases), and among tool room workers (OR = 6.3, 95% CI = 1.3, 31), but these results were based on five cases. Nitrosamines were probably present in camshaft and crankshaft grinding at Plant 1. Pancreas cancer risk increased among workers at both plants ever employed in inspection (OR = 2.5, 16), in machining with straight oil (OR = 3.6, 95% CI = 1.04, 12), or in skilled trades (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.1, 7.5). Lung cancer increased in cylinder head machining (OR = 3.9, 95% CI = 1.4, 11), millwright work (OR = 3.8, 95% CI = 1.6, 9.0), and in Plant 2 generally (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 0.97, 2.2). Potential lung carcinogens included heat treatment emissions, chlorinated oils, and coal tar fumes (millwrights). Bladder cancer increased with duration among workers grinding in straight oil MF (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.15, 7.8) and in machining/heat-treat operations (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.14, 7.2).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Automobiles*
  • Carcinogens / adverse effects
  • Cause of Death
  • Coal Tar / adverse effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus / mortality
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Industrial Oils / adverse effects
  • Kidney Neoplasms / mortality
  • Liver Cirrhosis / mortality
  • Logistic Models
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Male
  • Metallurgy
  • Michigan / epidemiology
  • Nitrosamines / adverse effects
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / mortality
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality
  • Pulmonary Emphysema / mortality
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / mortality
  • Sex Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality

Substances

  • Carcinogens
  • Nitrosamines
  • Coal Tar