Serum biochemical markers of bone turnover in healthy infants and children

Int J Biol Markers. Jul-Sep 1996;11(3):159-64.

Abstract

Serum osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), carboxyterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP), carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] were measured in 241 normal infants and children (134 males and 107 females aged 1.9 months-14 years, 1.8 months-12 years, respectively). Regarding the analysis of data for children above 2 yrs, we chose data with the following normalization: data/body surface x standard body surface, to eliminate biological variations not exclusively related to chronological age. The increase in serum OC occurred at the expected age of growth spurts in both sexes: in the first year of life OC values (mean +/- SD) were 82.6 +/- 34.3 and 60.2 +/- 32.9 OC ng/ml in males and females, respectively; during puberty, peak values occurred at the age of 10-12 yrs in girls (76.6 +/- 25.8) and at the age of 12-14 yrs in boys (113 +/- 48.3). Furthermore, significant positive correlations with age were found for males from 2 to 14 yrs (p < 0.00001) and for females from 2 to 12 yrs (p < 0.001). Elevated levels of BAP occurred in the first year, 70.4 +/- 28.2 and 71.8 +/- 28.5, and in the second year, 69.4 +/- 26.7 and 67.4 +/- 33.8 ng/ml, for males and females, respectively. For children older than 2 yrs, a positive correlation with age (p < 0.01) was found for females only, with a peak value of 67.2 +/- 13.9 at the age of 10-12 yrs. For ages 2-14 yrs the reference values (mean +/- 2SD) were 15.5 - 90.3 and 17.2 - 95.2 ng/ml for males and females, respectively. The highest PICP levels (1354 +/- 680 ng/ml in males and 1041 +/- 766 in females) were observed in infants less than 1 year of age, decreasing by about 60% at the age of 2. There was no significant change in serum PICP for children older than 2 yrs with values covering a range (mean +/- 2SD) of 52 - 544 and 18 - 546 ng/ml in males and females, respectively. Similarly, the highest ICTP values were seen in infants younger than 1 year (29.7 +/- 11.7 and 29.5 +/- 20.1 ng/ml in males and females, respectively). In the ages from 2 to 14 yrs there did not seem to be any systematic age-correlated changes, with values covering a range (mean +/- 2SD) of 6.06 - 24.5 in boys and 6.84 - 22.9 ng/ml in girls. Serum PTH concentrations (mean +/- SD) in infancy were 27.2 +/- 19.3 pg/ml for males and 25.8 +/- 10.8 for females. Normal ranges (mean +/- 2SD) in the older group were 5.77 - 53.1 and 6.71 - 57.3 pg/ml for males and females, respectively. Serum 1,25(OH)2D presented values of 47.3 +/- 28.1 and 38.7 +/- 18.2 pg/ml under 2 yrs for males and females, respectively. The ranges (mean +/- 2SD) in children above 2 yrs were 9.5 - 101 pg/ml in boys and 10.9 - 88.4 in girls. The results of this study contribute to the establishment of reference values in normal children for these biochemical assays; these reference values are needed when the above biological markers will be applied in the monitoring of metabolic bone diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • Bone Remodeling / physiology*
  • Calcitriol / blood
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Collagen / blood
  • Collagen Type I
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Osteocalcin / blood
  • Parathyroid Hormone / blood
  • Peptides / blood
  • Procollagen / blood
  • Reference Values

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Collagen Type I
  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Peptides
  • Procollagen
  • collagen type I trimeric cross-linked peptide
  • Osteocalcin
  • Collagen
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Calcitriol