A mouse/human-chimeric bispecific antibody reactive with human carcinoembryonic antigen-expressing cells and human T-lymphocytes

Anticancer Res. Sep-Oct 1996;16(5A):2661-7.


A mouse/human-chimeric bispecific antibody, designated CBA-CEACD3, with dual specificities for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CD3, was generated by chemical cross-linking of a chimeric antibody specific for CEA to another chimeric antibody against CD3. Flow cytometric analysis showed that CBA-CEACD3 can bind specifically to cells expressing CEA and to normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (HPBMCs) bearing CD3, respectively. Furthermore, a cell to cell adhesion analysis by a colorimetric assay using the dye 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) demonstrated that CBA-CEACD3 is able to bind CEA-producing cells to CD3-expressing cells, suggesting that both arms of CBA-CEACD3 are simultaneously working and can retarget T-cells to the tumor. In an additional colorimetric assay using MTT, this antibody was shown to effectively mediate CEA-expressing tumor cell killing by freshly isolated HPBMCs. Together these results demonstrate that this chimeric bispecific antibody may serve as a potentially useful immunotherapeutic reagent for human CEA-producing cancers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bispecific / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Bispecific / metabolism
  • CD3 Complex / immunology*
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / immunology


  • Antibodies, Bispecific
  • CD3 Complex
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen