Time course of changes in ventricular excitability and conduction during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in the dog: effect of lidocaine

J Electrocardiol. 1979 Jul;12(3):271-7. doi: 10.1016/s0022-0736(79)80060-6.


Strength-interval curves and conduction times were determined in anesthetized dogs during and following myocardial ischemia using a computerized system capable of determining a 5 point strength-interval curve with conduction times within 20 seconds. At the peak incidence of ligation arrhythmias (5 minutes of ischemia), the falling limb of the strength-interval curve was shifted to the left and conduction time was prolonged, while at 15 minutes of ischemia, the strength-interval was shifted upward and conduction times had returned toward control. Lidocaine enhanced the upward shift of the strength-interval curve, contributing to the electrical stability of the myocardium during this phase of ischemia. During the first minute following abrupt reperfusion of the ischemic zone, there was a slight downward shift of the early part of the strength-interval curve, and conduction times tended to be shorter than control. Lidocaine enhanced the electrophysiological alterations following abrupt reperfusion; that is, it reduced excitation thresholds and increased the tendency to superconductivity. Thus, lidocaine enhanced electrical stability during acute ischemia but tended to exaggerate electrophysiologic defects observed during abrupt reperfusion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Complexes, Premature / physiopathology
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
  • Dogs
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart / drug effects*
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Heart Ventricles / drug effects
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Lidocaine / pharmacology*
  • Neural Conduction / drug effects*
  • Refractory Period, Electrophysiological / drug effects
  • Time Factors


  • Lidocaine