Changes in smoking prevalence following a strict no-smoking policy in U.S. Navy recruit training

Mil Med. 1996 Oct;161(10):571-6.


This study examined 449 U.S. Navy recruits who reported that they were current smokers upon entering Navy recruit training. Recruits were prohibited from using tobacco for the duration of the 8 weeks of basic training. Participants completed tobacco surveys at entry into the Navy, upon graduation from recruit training, and after 1 year of service. Forty percent of the smokers at entry into the Navy changed their classification to former smokers at the end of recruit training. At the 1-year follow-up, 19% of the initial smokers classified themselves as former smokers. Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that having a higher intent to quit was predictive of reporting oneself as a former smoker at recruit training graduation. Smoking fewer cigarettes per day at entry into the Navy and more years of regular tobacco use were predictive of reporting oneself as a former smoker at the 1-year follow-up. Findings from this study suggested a meaningful impact of the Navy's no-smoking policy during recruit training in reducing smoking prevalence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Data Collection
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Military Personnel*
  • Motivation
  • Naval Medicine
  • Organizational Policy
  • Prevalence
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • United States