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, 263 (3), 423-31

Characteristics of 26 S Proteases From Fission Yeast Mutants, Which Arrest in Mitosis


Characteristics of 26 S Proteases From Fission Yeast Mutants, Which Arrest in Mitosis

M Seeger et al. J Mol Biol.


We have isolated the 26 S protease from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The affinity-purified enzyme contains the two regulatory ATPases mts2+, a homolog of human S4, and CIM5, a homolog of human MSS1 = S7. We show that mts3+, a homolog of the budding yeast NIN1 protein and human S14, is a true component of the 19 S regulatory complex from the fission yeast. The 26 S proteases purified from two thermosensitive mutants, mts2-1 and mts3-1, which arrest in cell cycle at the restrictive temperature (37 degrees C), have been compared with the wild-type enzyme after growing cells at permissive (25 degrees C) and non-permissive temperatures. We demonstrate that mutated mts2 protein is integrated into the protease complex prepared from mts2 cells, whereas mutated mts3 is not present in the 19 S regulatory complex from mts3 cells. The two mutant 26 S proteases isolated after growing cells at 37 degrees C remain stable for two hours at 37 degrees C as measured by ATP-dependent cleavage of the fluorogenic peptide sucLLVY-MCA. At the restrictive temperature, the mutant 26 S proteases do not degrade ubiquitin-[125I]lysozyme conjugates in an ATP-dependent manner, indicating that mts2+ and mts3+ are essential for ubiquitin conjugate degradation. This explains the conditional lethality of the mutants and the cell-cycle arrest in metaphase to anaphase transition. In addition, our data demonstrate that the ATPases of the 26 S enzyme are not redundant.

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