The Primary Structure of p38 Gamma: A New Member of p38 Group of MAP Kinases

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Nov 12;228(2):334-40. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1996.1662.

Abstract

We have identified a third member of the p38 group of MAP kinase termed p38 gamma. The cDNA for this MAP kinase encodes an 367 amino acid polypeptide that is slightly greater than 60% identical to p38 and p38 beta. Expression of its mRNA is primarily in muscle with no detectable expression in Northern blots using RNA from other tissues. In contrast to p38 and p38 beta, p38 gamma, fails to phosphorylate ATF-2 or MAPKAP kinase 2 but does like other MAP kinases phosphorylate MBP. In vivo kinase assays using protein extracts from skeletal muscle reveal that a 7-kDa protein is phosphorylated by p38 gamma but not by other members of this group of kinases. We suggest p38 gamma may have unique functions when compared with other members of the p38 group due to its restricted tissue expression and apparent substrate preferences.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / biosynthesis
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / chemistry*
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology*
  • Oligopeptides
  • Organ Specificity
  • Peptides
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Substrate Specificity
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

Substances

  • DNA, Complementary
  • Oligopeptides
  • Peptides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • FLAG peptide
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U66243