Rapid formation of advanced glycation end products by intermediate metabolites of glycolytic pathway and polyol pathway

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Nov 12;228(2):539-43. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1996.1695.


To clarify roles of intermediate metabolites of the glycolytic pathway and the polyol pathway in nonenzymatic glycation under physiological conditions, we incubated bovine serum albumin with intermediates of both pathways in the micromolar range as well as with 20 mmol/l glucose, and observed the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We found that triose phosphates, glyceraldehyde, and a novel polyol pathway-related metabolite, fructose 3-phosphate along with its breakdown product, 3-deoxyglucosone were extremely potent glycating agents that at nearly physiological concentrations on incubation with albumin produced substantial amounts of AGEs as early as 24 hours, while 20 mmol/l glucose afforded trace amounts of AGEs after two week incubation. The results along with the previous evidence of the increased level of intermediates in diabetic states may suggest that the intermediate metabolites rather than glucose contribute to enhanced glycation in diabetic tissues, inspite of the much lower concentrations compared with glucose.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Deoxyglucose / analogs & derivatives
  • Deoxyglucose / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glycated Serum Albumin
  • Glycation End Products, Advanced / metabolism*
  • Glyceraldehyde / metabolism
  • Glycolysis*
  • Glycosylation
  • Kinetics
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism*
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / metabolism*
  • Sorbitol / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Sugar Phosphates / metabolism


  • Glycation End Products, Advanced
  • Serum Albumin
  • Sugar Phosphates
  • 3-deoxyglucose
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Glyceraldehyde
  • Sorbitol
  • Deoxyglucose
  • Glucose
  • Glycated Serum Albumin