Fermented milk was used as therapy in infantile diarrhoea due to post-gastroenteritis syndrome. This treatment eliminated the disease in 4.0 days (mean value, SD = 2.8; n = 13) and allowed patients to return to free feeding according to their age. The weight percentile variation during treatment with fermented milk (15 days) was higher in the patients showing 3rd degree malnutrition than in other children. Bacteriotherapy can restore faecal flora which has been lowered by diarrhoea. Our results showed that levels higher than 10(6) UFC lactobacilli/g of faeces correlated with a healthy status of the children. Clinical applications of fermented milk with a mixture of Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus acidophilus in the prevention of gastrointestinal disorders are possible.