Comparative pharmacodynamics of eight calcium channel blocking agents in Japanese essential hypertensive patients

Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Mar;19(3):430-7. doi: 10.1248/bpb.19.430.


The relationships between plasma drug concentration and antihypertensive effect of eight calcium channel antagonists (nicardipine, nifedipine, nilvadipine, benidipine, manidipine, barnidipine, nitrendipine and efonidipine) in Japanese essential hypertensive patients were analyzed. Based on the effect compartment model, we could explain the long duration of the pharmacological effect, and there was significant correlation (r = 0.876, p < 0.05) between estimated EC50 values and the dissociation constants (Kd) obtained from in vitro binding studies. We also developed the ion-channel binding model to understand the pharmacodynamics of long acting calcium antagonists. The model was also well fitted to antihypertensive effect data. A significant correlation between the apparent in vivo dissociation constants and in vitro Kd values was observed with a slope of 1.45 (r = 0.913), suggesting that the mechanism of long-lasting antihypertensive effect of newer developed calcium antagonists is due to their high binding affinity at ion-channel sites.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacokinetics*
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / metabolism*
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels