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. 1996 Oct;64(10):4085-90.

Passive Immunization of Channel Catfish (Ictalurus Punctatus) Against the Ciliated Protozoan Parasite Ichthyophthirius Multifiliis by Use of Murine Monoclonal Antibodies

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Free PMC article

Passive Immunization of Channel Catfish (Ictalurus Punctatus) Against the Ciliated Protozoan Parasite Ichthyophthirius Multifiliis by Use of Murine Monoclonal Antibodies

T L Lin et al. Infect Immun. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Fish acquire immunity against the ciliated protozoan parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis following sublethal infection. The immune response includes the elaboration of humoral antibodies against a class of abundant surface membrane proteins referred to as immobilization antigens (i-antigens). Antibodies against these proteins immobilize the parasite in vitro, suggesting a potential role for the i-antigens in protective immunity. To test this hypothesis, passive immunization experiments were carried out with naive channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, using immobilizing murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Fish were completely protected against lethal challenge following intraperitoneal injection of 20 to 200 micrograms of MAb. Although fish succumbed to infection at lower doses, palliative effects were observed with as little as 2 micrograms of antibody. In experiments in which animals were challenged at various times following inoculation, an inverse relationship between parasite load and serum immobilizing activity was seen. Of seven MAbs which conferred protection, all were immunoglobulin G class antibodies. The only immobilizing MAb that failed to protect was an immunoglobulin M antibody that was absent from surface mucosa as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The implications of these findings for the development of a vaccine against I. multifiliis and immunity against surface pathogens of fish are discussed.

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