Reorganization of human cortical motor output maps following traumatic forearm amputation

Neuroreport. 1996 Sep 2;7(13):2068-70. doi: 10.1097/00001756-199609020-00002.


We report the results of serial transcranial magnetic stimulation mapping of cortical motor outputs to the face and upper extremity in a subject studied before and repeatedly after traumatic amputation of the right arm immediately below the elbow. The results of the mapping studies illustrate the time course of plastic changes in the motor cortical representation in humans following a traumatic amputation and allow the correlation of subjective perceptions of phantom limbs with the reorganization of cortical outputs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Adult
  • Amputation, Traumatic*
  • Brain Mapping*
  • Facial Muscles / innervation
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Forearm / innervation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Cortex / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / innervation*
  • Phantom Limb