Management of masticatory myofascial pain

Semin Orthod. 1995 Dec;1(4):229-43. doi: 10.1016/s1073-8746(95)80054-9.


Masticatory myofascial pain is a relatively frequent occurrence in patients seen by the orthodontist. Thus it is important to understand the management of this condition. Treatment is generally directed toward the restoration of a more physiological state in the muscles of mastication and involves medications, appliances, various forms of behavioral modification, as well as the use of muscle exercises and trigger point therapy. This article focuses on the role of the latter modalities in the management of myofascial pain and dysfunction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavior Therapy
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Facial Pain / etiology
  • Facial Pain / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Masticatory Muscles / physiopathology*
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / etiology
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / physiopathology
  • Myofascial Pain Syndromes / therapy*
  • Occlusal Splints
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome / therapy*