The dielectric properties of biological tissues: III. Parametric models for the dielectric spectrum of tissues

Phys Med Biol. 1996 Nov;41(11):2271-93. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/41/11/003.


A parametric model was developed to describe the variation of dielectric properties of tissues as a function of frequency. The experimental spectrum from 10 Hz to 100 GHz was modelled with four dispersion regions. The development of the model was based on recently acquired data, complemented by data surveyed from the literature. The purpose is to enable the prediction of dielectric data that are in line with those contained in the vast body of literature on the subject. The analysis was carried out on a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Parameters are given for 17 tissue types.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / physiology
  • Animals
  • Blood Physiological Phenomena
  • Bone and Bones / physiology
  • Brain / physiology
  • Electric Conductivity*
  • Electrophysiology / methods*
  • Heart / physiology
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Lens, Crystalline / physiology
  • Liver / physiology
  • Lung / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • Muscles / physiology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Skin Physiological Phenomena
  • Spleen / physiology
  • Tendons / physiology