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, 107 (6), 833-7

Progression of Mycosis Fungoides Is Associated With Increasing Cutaneous Expression of interleukin-10 mRNA

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Progression of Mycosis Fungoides Is Associated With Increasing Cutaneous Expression of interleukin-10 mRNA

K Asadullah et al. J Invest Dermatol.

Abstract

Cytokines are believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Data regarding the local cytokine pattern in mycosis fungoides (MF) are partly conflicting. Recent studies have suggested a shift from type 1 to type 2 cytokine pattern because IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA have been more frequently detected in lesions of advanced stages. Another study has described a type 1 cytokine pattern in MF lesions. None of the previous studies of cytokine mRNA expression in MF, however, used quantitative methods, and therefore only the presence of a cytokine, but not the level of expression, could be determined. To gain better insight into the development of cytokine pattern during tumor progression we used semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to analyze cytokine mRNA expression in MF skin lesions at different stages. Biopsies from patients with patch (n = 11), plaque (n = 6), and tumor (n = 3) stage MF were compared with biopsies from patients with pleomorphic T cell lymphoma (n = 5), psoriasis (n = 7), atopic dermatitis (n = 5), and nonlesional skin (n = 8). MF progression was associated with significantly higher IL-10 and lower interferon-gamma mRNA expression. Moreover, the stage-dependent increase in IL-10 mRNA expression was also found in paired samples from individual patients. Unlike in pleomorphic T cell lymphoma, however, typical T helper 2 cells did not seem to be the source of increasing IL-10 in advanced MF, because stage-independent IL-4 mRNA was rarely detected, suggesting contribution of nonlymphoid cells to local IL-10 production. The overexpression of IL-10 in MF may be of importance for tumor progression, because this immunosuppressive cytokine might be involved in downregulation of immunologic tumor surveillance.

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