Background: A major concern in pediatric intraocular lens implantation surgery is the high incidence of posterior capsule opacification. The purpose of this article is to investigate a surgical technique for maintaining a clear visual axis after pediatric cataract and intraocular lens surgery.
Methods: In a prospective evaluation, posterior capsulorhexis with optic capture as a surgical technique for preventing secondary membrane formation after pediatric cataract extraction is investigated. This technique involves capture of an intraocular lens optic through a posterior curvilinear capsulorhexis opening. Perioperative complications and incidence of secondary cataract are presented. Results will be compared to an historic cohort of patients with pediatric cataract-intraocular lens who did not have posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis with optic capture.
Results: In 13 consecutive eyes operated on in children aged 2 to 12 years (mean, 5.8 years), there was no opacification of the visual axis at a mean follow-up of 19 months after surgery (range, 8-30 years).
Conclusion: Posterior capsulorhexis with optic capture holds promise as a technique for preventing secondary membrane formation. This maneuver ensures centration of the posterior chamber intraocular lens while eliminating the need for an anterior vitrectomy. Apposition of the anterior and posterior capsule leaflets anterior to the optic may limit the migration of Elschnig pearls, reducing the incidence of secondary membranes and the need for additional procedures.