Prevalence of visual disorders in Chinese schoolchildren

Optom Vis Sci. 1996 Nov;73(11):695-700. doi: 10.1097/00006324-199611000-00004.


We performed a vision screening of 1883 Chinese schoolchildren from 4 schools around Kuala Lumpur in June 1990. The group contained 1083-males and 800 females. Visual acuity, refractive error, oculomotor balance, and axial length were measured. The prevalence of myopia in Chinese schoolchildren was found to be 37% in the 6- to 12-year age group and 50% in the 13- to 18-year age group. Approximately 63% of the sample had unaided visual acuity of 6/6 or better and 24% had unaided acuity of 6/12 or worse. Six hundred twenty-five students (33%) failed the vision screening test and were referred for further examinations. The group which failed the vision screening test and had the highest rate of referral (46%) was the 11- to 12-year-old age group. The most common visual disorder was uncorrected myopia, accounting for 38% of the referrals (235 students). Only 26% of the sample were wearing a spectacle correction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Child
  • China / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Distribution
  • Vision Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Vision Disorders / prevention & control
  • Vision Screening
  • Visual Acuity