First-year college students were surveyed by telephone to determine their current level of tobacco use and find out what advice they had previously received from physicians regarding tobacco products. Current tobacco use reported in this 1st-year population was 19% in men and 17% in women. Although 99.6% of the students reported having had a medical visit within the last 5 years and 89% reported a visit within the past 12 months, only 26% remembered being asked at the last visit about their use of tobacco. Women were significantly more likely than men to have been asked about tobacco (31% compared with 21%), perhaps because of oral contraceptive counseling and the women's medical history. It appeared that healthcare providers are not fully using the opportunities available to them to educate young adults about using tobacco.