Tai Chi Chih: an exercise option for older adults

J Gerontol Nurs. 1996 Oct;22(10):12-7. doi: 10.3928/0098-9134-19961001-11.


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Tai Chi Chih on balance, flexibility, mood, health status, and blood pressure in a sample of community-dwelling elders. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. Participants were recruited from a senior center located in the suburbs of a large metropolitan area. The experimental group consisted of 24 volunteers over the age of 55 who performed 60 minutes of Tai Chi Chih once a week for 10 weeks and practiced at home. The control group consisted of 22 volunteers who continued with their current level of activity. Analysis of covariance revealed a significant difference between the two groups on balance (F = 4.3, p < .05). This study suggests that Tai Chi Chih is a safe and enjoyable form of exercise that might improve balance in community-dwelling elders.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Martial Arts*
  • Program Evaluation