Noninvasive differentiation of meningiomas from other brain tumours using combined 111Indium-octreotide/99mtechnetium-DTPA brain scintigraphy

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1996;138(10):1179-85. doi: 10.1007/BF01809748.


We have studied prospectively 47 patients with CNS tumours including 16 meningiomas and 33 other tumours using combined 111In-octreotide and 99mTc-DTPA brain scintigraphy. 111In-octreotide scintigraphy was used to image somatostatin receptors (SSR) and 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy was used to assess the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). A total of 32 tumours (65%) were detected. All SSR positive tumours also had positive 99mTc-DTPA scans and all SSR negative tumours were negative on 99mTc-DTPA scans. Among the tumours located outside the BBB, all meningiomas and two out of six schwannomas were positive on combined SSR/99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy. Among the tumours located inside the BBB, seven out of nine gliomas grade I-III were negative, whereas all glioblastomas were positive. Other positive tumours included one malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma and two cerebral metastases. SSR scintigraphy alone was non-specific in the diagnosis of meningiomas, as 16 non-meningiomatous tumours also had positive SSR scans probably due to a breakdown of the BBB (excluding the malignant lymphoma). Measuring the tumour-to-background ratio on SSR scans improved specificity, but sensitivity was decreased below 70% because some meningiomas were only slightly positive. Only the ratio of SSR scintigraphy to conventional 99mTc-DTPA brain scintigraphy (SSR-to-BS index) allowed a reliable differentiation of meningiomas from other CNS tumours, most notable from schwannomas (sensitivity: 94%; specificity: 100%). Our results support the usefulness of combined SSR and conventional brain scintigraphy in the noninvasive pre-operative diagnosis of meningiomas.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood-Brain Barrier / physiology
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Neoplasms / surgery
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Meningioma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Meningioma / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Octreotide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Receptors, Somatostatin / analysis
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate*


  • Receptors, Somatostatin
  • indium-111-octreotide
  • Octreotide
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate