A frequent pathway to glomerulosclerosis: deterioration of tuft architecture-podocyte damage-segmental sclerosis

Kidney Blood Press Res. 1996;19(5):245-53. doi: 10.1159/000174083.


Lesions in glomerular architecture include mesangial expansion, capillary ballooning, capillary unfolding and microaneurysm formation. Such lesions appear to develop in response to mechanical overextension. A frequent pathway to segmental glomerulosclerosis starts from capillary ballooning and unfolding. Podocytes supporting those deranged capillaries are exposed to increased mechanical stress. This may lead to podocyte injury terminating in detachments from the GBM. Naked GBM areas at peripheral capillary loops allow the attachment of parietal cells to the GBM, i.e. the formation of a tuft adhesion to Bowman's capsule. An adhesion has a strong tendency to progress to segmental sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / pathology*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Kidney Glomerulus / injuries
  • Kidney Glomerulus / pathology*
  • Rats