The effects of a specific GABAB receptor antagonist, p-(3-aminopropyl)-p-diethoxymethyl-phosphonic acid (CGP 35348), on pyramidal tract neuron responses to transcallosal stimulation were investigated in the cat motor cortex in vivo. The paired-pulse method was used to obtain more insight into the role of GABAB receptors. At a 200-ms inter-stimulus interval the spike response was inhibited in 75% of the neurons. There was an approximately 40% depression of the mean spike value in the control. CGp 35348 reduced paired-pulse inhibition, while (-)-baclofen increased it. Stronger drug effects on the second stimulation-induced response possibly indicate their presynaptic action on GABAB receptors.