Protein tyrosine kinase activity and the influence of gender in phagocytosis and tumor necrosis factor secretion in alveolar macrophages and lung-recruited neutrophils

Shock. 1996 Dec;6(6):426-33. doi: 10.1097/00024382-199612000-00007.


The role of tyrosine phosphorylation in endotoxin-induced phagocytic and tumor necrosis factor secretory responses was studied in rat alveolar macrophages and lung-recruited neutrophils. Exploration of sexual dimorphism in some aspects of these functions was also a specific aim. Male and female rats were injected intratracheally with endotoxin or saline. Two and a half hours later the animals were subjected to bronchoalveolar lavage, and alveolar macrophages and lung-recruited neutrophils were isolated. Circulating neutrophils of endotoxin-treated rats were also isolated at this time. Phagocytosis and CD11b/c and CD18 expression were measured by flow cytometry; tumor necrosis factor was measured with a cytotoxicity assay. Using the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG126 and phosphotyrosine immunoblotting, we demonstrated that tyrosine phosphorylation is an important signaling pathway in the activation of these cells by endotoxin and that it is coupled to phagocytosis and tumor necrosis factor secretion, but not to beta 2 integrin expression. Conditioned medium of alveolar macrophages of endotoxin-injected rats upregulates phagocytosis by blood neutrophils of naive rats and this upregulating activity is tyrosine phosphorylation dependent. The substrates for tyrosine phosphorylation are different in alveolar macrophages and lung neutrophils, as are their sensitivities to AG126. Significant gender differences exist in the modulation of phagocytosis by inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation and in tumor necrosis factor secretion by endotoxin-stimulated alveolar macrophages.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CD18 Antigens / biosynthesis
  • Culture Media, Conditioned / pharmacology
  • Endotoxemia / metabolism
  • Endotoxins / toxicity
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / metabolism
  • Female
  • Immunoblotting
  • Integrin alphaXbeta2 / biosynthesis
  • Lung / blood supply
  • Lung / metabolism
  • Macrophage-1 Antigen / biosynthesis
  • Macrophages, Alveolar / drug effects
  • Macrophages, Alveolar / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Nitriles / pharmacology
  • Nitrophenols / pharmacology
  • Phagocytosis / drug effects
  • Phagocytosis / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sex Factors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism*
  • Tyrphostins*
  • Up-Regulation


  • CD18 Antigens
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Endotoxins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Integrin alphaXbeta2
  • Macrophage-1 Antigen
  • Nitriles
  • Nitrophenols
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Tyrphostins
  • AG 127
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases