Screening for tamoxifen ocular toxicity: a prospective study

Eur J Ophthalmol. 1995 Oct-Dec;5(4):230-4. doi: 10.1177/112067219500500406.


Specific ocular complications, namely retinopathy, keratopathy and optic neuritis, have been described in women being treated with tamoxifen for metastatic breast cancer or taking this drug as an adjuvant postoperative therapy. We examined 61 patients who had been using tamoxifen for at least one year, in order to detect the incidence of ocular complications. Two patients had retinopathy after having taken high cumulative doses of tamoxifen. Another had corneal deposits and a fourth had optic neuritis. It thus appears that systematic screening of all symptom-free patients using this drug for metastatic breast cancer is superfluous. However, an ophthalmological assessment every two years or earlier in case of visual complaints for patients taking tamoxifen as an adjuvant therapy remains useful, because the oncological therapy can be adjusted if serious ocular complications arise.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Corneal Diseases / chemically induced
  • Eye Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Optic Neuritis / chemically induced
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retinal Diseases / chemically induced
  • Tamoxifen / adverse effects*


  • Tamoxifen