Changing patterns of autochthonous malaria transmission in the United States: a review of recent outbreaks

Emerg Infect Dis. 1996 Jan-Mar;2(1):37-43. doi: 10.3201/eid0201.960104.


Three recent outbreaks of locally acquired malaria in densely populated areas of the United States demonstrate the continued risk for mosquitoborne transmission of this disease. Increased global travel, immigration, and the presence of competent anopheline vectors throughout the continental United States contribute to the ongoing threat of malaria transmission. The likelihood of mosquitoborne transmission in the United States is dependent on the interactions between the human host, anopheline vector, malaria parasite, and environmental conditions. Recent changes in the epidemiology of locally acquired malaria and possible factors contributing to these changes are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Humans
  • Malaria / epidemiology
  • Malaria / transmission*
  • United States / epidemiology