Purpose: We report preliminary results of a new procedure for correcting high astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty.
Methods: The procedure entails full-thickness trephination along the original donor-recipient junction with careful suturing in a combined interrupted and running fashion. Four eyes of four patients with severe astigmatism and myopia after penetrating keratoplasty underwent the procedure.
Results: High preoperative cylinder ranging from 4.50 to 16.00 D (mean 9.00 D) was reduced to 0.50 to 3.50 D (mean 1.90 D) at the last examination (between 3 to 6 months). Spherical equivalent myopia ranging from -2.00 to -10.25 D (mean -4.90 D) was essentially unchanged at plano to -9.00 D (-4.70 D) at the last examination. Overall, there was a mean refractive cylinder reduction of 7.10 D (79%).
Conclusion: Retrephination after penetrating keratoplasty appears to be an acceptable alternative for correcting high astigmatism, and had only a small effect on the level of myopia.