Pregnancy in early adolescence: are there obstetric risks?

J Matern Fetal Med. Nov-Dec 1996;5(6):333-9. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6661(199611/12)5:6<333::AID-MFM8>3.0.CO;2-Q.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if early adolescence imparts a significant obstetric risk in young primiparas relative to adult primiparas. The records of 239 young primiparas (< 16 years) and 148 older primiparas (18-29 years) were reviewed for demographic information, antepartum complications, mode of delivery, length of labor, episiotomy, lacerations, birthweight, and length of gestation. The young adolescents were shorter, had an earlier age at menarche, a lower pregravid body mass index, and a higher gestational weight gain. The young teens were less likely to smoke cigarettes but were more likely to be Medicaid recipients. The incidence of most antenatal complications (chronic hypertension, pregnancy-induced hypertension, placental abruption, placenta previa, premature rupture of the membranes, urinary tract infections, and anemia) were similar between the two groups. Preterm labor and contracted pelvis were more common among the young adolescent, while gestational diabetes was less common. The young primiparas were significantly (P < .05) less likely to have a Cesarean delivery and to lacerate with vaginal delivery. The length of labor and its stages were similar, as were overall birthweight and length of gestation. Thus, obstetric concerns regarding pregnancy in early adolescence may be unfounded. With the exception of an increased risk for preterm labor, it appears that pregnancy, labor, and delivery do not pose inordinate obstetric and medical risk to the very young adolescent primipara.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cesarean Section
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menarche
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence*
  • Risk Factors
  • Weight Gain