Inflorescence commitment and architecture in Arabidopsis

Science. 1997 Jan 3;275(5296):80-3. doi: 10.1126/science.275.5296.80.


Flowering plants exhibit one of two types of inflorescence architecture: indeterminate, in which the inflorescence grows indefinitely, or determinate, in which a terminal flower is produced. The indeterminate condition is thought to have evolved from the determinate many times, independently. In two mutants in distantly related species, terminal flower 1 in Arabidopsis and centroradialis in Antirrhinum, inflorescences that are normally indeterminate are converted to a determinate architecture. The Antirrhinum gene CENTRORADIALIS (CEN) and the Arabidopsis gene TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) were shown to be homologous, which suggests that a common mechanism underlies indeterminacy in these plants. However, unlike CEN, TFL1 is also expressed during the vegetative phase, where it delays the commitment to inflorescence development and thus affects the timing of the formation of the inflorescence meristem as well as its identity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development*
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Biological Evolution
  • Exons
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Plant*
  • Meristem / growth & development
  • Meristem / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Plant Development
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / physiology
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants / metabolism


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • CEN protein, Antirrhinum majus
  • Plant Proteins
  • TFL1 protein, Arabidopsis

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U77674