Novel flow cytometric analysis of the progress and route of internalization of a monoclonal anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antibody

Cytometry. 1996 Mar 1;23(3):228-40. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0320(19960301)23:3<228::AID-CYTO6>3.0.CO;2-E.


A flow cytometric method of studying the internalization of a monoclonal antibody (Mab) directed against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has been compared with Western blotting, using three human colonic cancer cell lines which express varying amounts of the target antigen. Cell samples incubated for increasing time intervals with fluoresceinated or unlabelled Mab were analyzed using flow cytometry or polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting. SDS/PAGE analysis of cytosolic and membrane components of solubilized cells from the cell lines provided evidence of non-degraded internalized anti-CEA Mab throughout seven half hour intervals, starting at 5 min. Internalized anti-CEA was detected in the case of high CEA expressing cell lines (LS174T, SKCO1). Very similar results were obtained with an anti-fluorescein flow cytometric assay. Given that these two methods consistently provided comparable results, use of flow cytometry for the detection of internalized antibody is suggested as a rapid alternative to most currently used methods for assessing antibody internalization. The question of the endocytic route followed by CEA-anti-CEA complexes was addressed by using hypertonic medium to block clathrin mediated endocytosis.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / immunology*
  • Culture Media
  • Flow Cytometry / methods*
  • Humans
  • Hypertonic Solutions
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Culture Media
  • Hypertonic Solutions