Tissue distribution, genomic structure, and chromosome mapping of mouse and human eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding proteins 1 and 2

Genomics. 1996 Dec 15;38(3):353-63. doi: 10.1006/geno.1996.0638.


Two related eukaryotic initiation factor-4E binding proteins (4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2) were recently characterized for their capacity to bind specifically to eIF4E and inhibit its function. Here, we determined the cDNA sequence, tissue distribution, genomic structure, and chromosome localization of murine and human 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2. Mouse 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 consist of 117 and 120 amino acids and exhibit 91. 5 and 95.0% identity, respectively, to their human homologues. 4E-BP1 mRNA is expressed in most tissues, but is most abundant in adipose tissue, pancreas, and skeletal muscle, while 4E-BP2 mRNA is ubiquitously expressed. The structures of the mouse 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 were determined. The 4E-BP1 gene consists of three exons and spans approximately 16 kb. In addition, two 4E-BP1 pseudogenes exist in the mouse genome. The 4E-BP2 gene spans approximately 20 kb and exhibits an identical genomic organization to that of 4E-BP1, with the protein coding portion of the gene divided into three exons. There are no pseudogenes for 4E-BP2. The chromosomal locations of 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 were determined in both mice and humans by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Mouse 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 map to chromosomes 8 (A4-B1) and 10 (B4-B5), respectively, and human 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 localize to chromosomes 8p12 and 10q21-q22, respectively.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factors*
  • Genes*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Mice / genetics*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muridae / genetics
  • Organ Specificity
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics*
  • Pseudogenes
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • EIF4EBP1 protein, human
  • EIF4EBP2 protein, human
  • Eif4ebp1 protein, mouse
  • Eif4ebp2 protein, mouse
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factors
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • Phosphoproteins