Physical rehabilitation after lower limb traumatic amputation due to acts of war has not yet been investigated. It has been shown that patients suffering non-war injuries rehabilitate well. This study shows that despite the difficult circumstances and limited resources available in an area of conflict, good rehabilitation of war victims is possible. However, economic rehabilitation is worse than that seen in non-war populations. Given that this type of injury is very common in war zones worldwide, this failure of economic rehabilitation may represent a major healthcare issue.