Up-regulation of a constitutively active form of the beta2-adrenoceptor by sustained treatment with inverse agonists but not antagonists

FEBS Lett. 1996 Dec 9;399(1-2):108-12. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(96)01300-2.


In neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid, NG1O8-15, cells transfected to stably express a constitutively active mutant (CAM) form of the human beta2-adrenoceptor, the beta-adrenoceptor ligands sotalol and betaxolol functioned as inverse agonists as they reduced basal adenylyl cyclase activity whereas the antagonists dihydroalprenolol and propranolol did not. Maintained presence of the CAMbeta2-adrenoceptor inverse agonists but not the antagonists in the culture medium of the cells resulted in a substantial, concentration-dependent, up-regulation of the CAMbeta2-adrenoceptor. Up-regulation of the CAMbeta2-adrenoceptor by the inverse agonists was prevented by co-incubation of the cells with either propranolol or dihydroalprenolol. Neither maintained elevation of cAMP levels nor the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity altered the ability of the inverse agonist ligands to cause receptor up-regulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Antagonists*
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / administration & dosage
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Cyclic AMP / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hybrid Cells
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Up-Regulation*


  • Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2
  • Cyclic AMP