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Comparative Study
, 43 (5), 585-93

Site-directed Mutagenesis of Recombinant Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin/Luteinizing Hormone: Differential Role of Oligosaccharides in Luteinizing Hormone- And Follicle-Stimulating Hormone-Like Activities

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Comparative Study

Site-directed Mutagenesis of Recombinant Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin/Luteinizing Hormone: Differential Role of Oligosaccharides in Luteinizing Hormone- And Follicle-Stimulating Hormone-Like Activities

K S Min et al. Endocr J.

Abstract

Equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) consists of highly glycosylated alpha- and beta-subunits and belongs to the glycoprotein hormone family that includes LH and FSH. eCG is a unique member of the gonadotropin family because it elicits response characteristics of both FSH and LH in other species than the horse. To determine the biological role of the N-linked oligosaccharide at Asn 56 of the alpha-subunit and O-linked oligosaccharides at the carboxyl-terminal peptide (CTP) of the beta-subunit, two mutant eCGs, in which Asn 56 of the alpha-subunit was replaced with Gln (eCG alpha 56/beta) or CTP was deleted (eCG alpha/ beta-CTP), were produced by site-directed mutagenesis and transfecting chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. LH- and FSH-like activities were assayed in terms of testosterone production and aromatase activity in primary cultured rat Leydig cells and granulosa cells, respectively. The wild type eCG showed similar LH- and FSH-like activities to native eCG in the in vitro bioassays. The LH-like activity of eCG alpha 56/beta was greatly reduced, whereas that of eCG alpha/beta-CTP was unaffected, demonstrating that the oligosaccharide at Asn 56 of the alpha-subunit of eCG plays an indispensable role in LH-like activity. Interestingly, the FSH-like activity of eCG alpha 56/beta was increased markedly in comparison with the wild type, and that of eCG alpha/beta-CTP was also considerably increased. These data indicate that the dual activities of eCG, LH- and FSH-like activities, could be separated by removal of the N-linked oligosaccharide on the alpha-subunit Asn 56 or CTP-associated O-linked oligosaccharides.

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