A new method was developed to detect DNA methylation in the Citrus genome using random amplification coupled with restriction enzyme digestion. Genomic DNA from Citrus grandis (L.) Osb., Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf., and their F1 hybrid was amplified using 7 individual 10-mer random primers. Prior to amplification the DNA templates were digested with 2 pairs of restriction endonucleases (HpaII-MspI and (or) Sau3AI-NdeII) with different sensitivities to cytosine methylation and after PCR amplification their amplified products were further digested with the same enzymes. Using this method, it was possible to detect 28 methylation events involving 23 amplified bands with the 7 random primers and 2 pairs of enzymes. A methylation polymorphism was found at a Sau3AI site in a 1.2-kb band amplified with one primer. One locus influencing cytosine methylation at this restriction site was identified through genetic analysis of a BC1 population between C. grandis and P. trifoliata and was mapped to linkage group IV using an already developed core map. This technique for detecting methylation and methylation polymorphisms is simple and should be applicable to any eukaryotic species and to many situations where it is desirable to determine whether a sequence is methylated.