Albuminuria predicts renal functional outcome after intervention in atheromatous renovascular disease

J Hypertens. 1995 Nov;13(11):1335-42. doi: 10.1097/00004872-199511000-00016.


Background: Atheromatous renovascular disease is increasingly recognized as a cause of renal failure; however, the benefit of intervention on renal function outcome cannot be clearly anticipated.

Objective: To identify reliable predictor(s) of renal functional outcome after revascularization in patients with atheromatous renovascular disease.

Design: The effect of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (n = 5) or surgery (n = 18) on glomerular filtration rate ([99mTc]-diethylene triaminopenta-acetic acid clearance) and renal haemodynamics was prospectively assessed in 23 patients with atheromatous renovascular disease (unilateral occlusion in five, unilateral stenosis in four, stenosis of a single kidney in five, unilateral occlusion associated with contralateral stenosis in six, bilateral stenosis in three). Renal function was altered in 18 patients.

Results: At early follow-up study (5 +/- 1 months) after intervention, glomerular filtration rate improved (i.e. increased by more than 15%) in six patients, deteriorated in five and remained unchanged in 12 patients. The change in glomerular filtration rate associated with intervention was inversely correlated with the pre-intervention level of urinary albumin excretion and positively with the change in effective renal plasma flow after intervention. Stepwise regression analysis showed that pre-intervention urinary albumin excretion was the only predictor of the glomerular filtration rate response to intervention. At late follow-up study (32 +/- 6 months, n = 13), glomerular filtration rate was stable compared with early follow-up determination in non-proteinuric patients whereas it had deteriorated further in proteinuric patients.

Conclusion: In patients with atheromatous renovascular disease, albuminuria may be considered as a marker of pre-existing intra-renal vascular and glomerular damage and a reliable predictor of renal functional outcome after intervention.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Albuminuria / urine*
  • Angioplasty
  • Arteriosclerosis / therapy*
  • Arteriosclerosis / urine*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Forecasting
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / therapy*
  • Kidney Diseases / urine*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Period
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Circulation
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures