Background: Atheromatous renovascular disease is increasingly recognized as a cause of renal failure; however, the benefit of intervention on renal function outcome cannot be clearly anticipated.
Objective: To identify reliable predictor(s) of renal functional outcome after revascularization in patients with atheromatous renovascular disease.
Design: The effect of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (n = 5) or surgery (n = 18) on glomerular filtration rate ([99mTc]-diethylene triaminopenta-acetic acid clearance) and renal haemodynamics was prospectively assessed in 23 patients with atheromatous renovascular disease (unilateral occlusion in five, unilateral stenosis in four, stenosis of a single kidney in five, unilateral occlusion associated with contralateral stenosis in six, bilateral stenosis in three). Renal function was altered in 18 patients.
Results: At early follow-up study (5 +/- 1 months) after intervention, glomerular filtration rate improved (i.e. increased by more than 15%) in six patients, deteriorated in five and remained unchanged in 12 patients. The change in glomerular filtration rate associated with intervention was inversely correlated with the pre-intervention level of urinary albumin excretion and positively with the change in effective renal plasma flow after intervention. Stepwise regression analysis showed that pre-intervention urinary albumin excretion was the only predictor of the glomerular filtration rate response to intervention. At late follow-up study (32 +/- 6 months, n = 13), glomerular filtration rate was stable compared with early follow-up determination in non-proteinuric patients whereas it had deteriorated further in proteinuric patients.
Conclusion: In patients with atheromatous renovascular disease, albuminuria may be considered as a marker of pre-existing intra-renal vascular and glomerular damage and a reliable predictor of renal functional outcome after intervention.