FISH characterization of small supernumerary marker chromosomes in two Prader-Willi patients

Am J Med Genet. 1997 Jan 10;68(1):99-104. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(19970110)68:1<99::aid-ajmg21>;2-i.


A small supernumerary chromosome was observed in two Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients. The clinical diagnosis of PWS was confirmed by the ascertainment of the deletion of region 15q11-13 in one case and uniparental disomy (UPD) of the same region in the other. The markers were negative for dystamycinA/DAPI banding, did not contain NOR-positive satellites, and had an appearance consistent with a very small ring chromosome. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis with the "all human centromere" probe indicated the presence of centromeric sequences in both markers. Chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization with chromosome specific libraries demonstrated that the small markers in the deleted and UPD patient originated from chromosome 15 and X, respectively. To the best of our knowledge these are the only PWS patients reported with a supernumerary marker chromosome other than inv dup(15) characterized by FISH.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Male
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers