Cefpirome is a cephalosporin eliminated primarily by kidneys that requires dosage reduction in patients with renal failure. The pharmacokinetic parameters were studied in 10 patients with end-stage renal disease who were receiving hemodialysis. Repeated intravenous administration of 2 gm cefpirome three times a week resulted in trough levels of 12.2 +/- 5.4 micrograms/ml and peak serum concentrations of 99.6 +/- 82.1 micrograms/ml. After 3 1/2 hours of hemodialysis with polysulfone high-flux membranes, 62.3% +/- 23.3% of cefpirome was removed. The interdialytic half-life was 9.35 +/- 0.99 hours, and the intradialytic half-life was 2.02 +/- 0.7 hours.