The mitochondrial genome of Arabidopsis thaliana contains 57 genes in 366,924 nucleotides

Nat Genet. 1997 Jan;15(1):57-61. doi: 10.1038/ng0197-57.


We have determined the complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA in the model plant species Arabidopsis thaliana, affording access to the first of its three genomes. The 366,924 nucleotides code for 57 identified genes, which cover only 10% of the genome. Introns in these genes add about 8%, open reading frames larger than 100 amino acids represent 10% of the genome, duplications account for 7%, remnants of retrotransposons of nuclear origin contribute 4% and integrated plastid sequences amount to 1%-leaving 60% of the genome unaccounted for. With the significant contribution of duplications, imported foreign DNA and the extensive background of apparently functionless sequences, the mosaic structure of the Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial genome features many aspects of size-relaxed nuclear genomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Codon
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • DNA, Plant
  • Databases, Factual
  • Genes, Plant
  • Genome, Plant*
  • Mitochondria / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleotides
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Plastids
  • RNA Editing
  • RNA, Transfer / genetics
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid


  • Codon
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • DNA, Plant
  • Nucleotides
  • RNA, Transfer

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Y08501
  • GENBANK/Y08502