An octapeptide was isolated from 7000 brains of the desert locust. Schistocerca gregaria by screening of HPLC fractions using a RIA for Dip-AST-2 (allatostatin-2 from the cockroach). Maldi-TOF-MS revealed a mass of 921.4 Da. The primary structure of the peptide is LPVYNFGL-NH2. It is identical to the C-terminal portion of schistostatin-2 from Schistocerca gregaria. Therefore, it was designated Scg-AST-2(11-18). The chromatographic properties of the synthetic peptide are identical to these of the native peptide. The peptide is a truncated product of Scg-AST-2, suggesting that an endopeptidase which cleaves between Arg and Leu is present in the brain complex of S. gregaria. Although, Scg-AST-2(11-18) contains the same C-terminus as Dip-AST-2, it has no inhibitory activity on the corpora allata (CA) of 2-day-old virgin females of D. punctata. This suggests that Scg-AST2 (11-18) may be the result of a proteolytic inactivation mechanism and/or that it may be involved in stage-dependent down regulation of allatostatic activity. To our knowledge, Scg-AST-2 is the first isolated peptide which has the active core of the allatostatin peptide family but nevertheless shows no activity in this bioassay.