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, 6 (1), 83-93

Exoglycosidase Purity and Linkage Specificity: Assessment Using Oligosaccharide Substrates and high-pH Anion-Exchange Chromatography With Pulsed Amperometric Detection

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Exoglycosidase Purity and Linkage Specificity: Assessment Using Oligosaccharide Substrates and high-pH Anion-Exchange Chromatography With Pulsed Amperometric Detection

K Tyagarajan et al. Glycobiology.

Abstract

Simplified HPLC protocols to determine the activity and linkage specificity and to detect the most commonly-encountered contaminants in available exoglycosidase preparations (Jacob and Scudder, Methods Enzymol., 230, 280-300, 1994) were developed. Monosaccharides and oligosaccharides were analyzed in a single chromatographic step using high-pH anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. All analyses were performed with underivatized oligosaccharide substrates and by direct injection of unprocessed, diluted enzyme digests into the chromatograph. The sialidase from Newcastle disease virus was found to release both alpha (2-->3)- and alpha (2-->6)-linked Neu5Ac from a triantennary, lactosamine-type oligosaccharide. The activity of alpha-galactosidase from green coffee beans was assayed using Gal alpha(1-->3)[Fuc-alpha(1ar2)]Gal by detection of Gal and Fuc alpha(1-->3)Gal. The linkage specificities of beta-galactosidases from Streptococcus pneumoniae and bovine testis were assessed using Gal beta(1-->3 or 4)GlcNAc beta(1-->3)beta(1-->4)Glc as substrates. Contaminating beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase activity in the beta-galactosidase preparation was assayed using an agalactobiantennary oligosaccharide. The alpha(1-->3 or 4) linkage specificity of fucosidase III from almond meal was confirmed (Scudder et al., J. Biol. Chem. 265, 16472-16477, 1990) by its inactivity against a biantennary oligosaccharide with all Fuc residues linked alpha(1-->6). An alpha-fucosidase from chicken liver was found to cleave alpha(1-->2,3 or 6)-linked Fuc residues from oligosaccharides. The activity of jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) alpha-mannosidase was assayed with a relatively resistant substrate, Man alpha(1-->3)- Man beta(1-->4)GlcNAc. A GlcNAc beta(1-->4)-terminated triantennary oligosaccharide was used to assay for contaminating beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase activity in alpha-mannosidase preparations and to determine the linkage and branch specificity of beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase at different enzyme concentrations.

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